Oil on canvas
Oil on canvas is a type of art painting that utilizes oil paints applied onto a canvas surface, often made from linen or cotton. This technique gained prominence during the Renaissance era, originating in 15th-century Europe. Prior to this, artists primarily used tempera or frescoes for painting. Oil paints were found to offer superior blending, depth, and luminosity, allowing artists greater flexibility in achieving intricate detail and rich color palettes. The origins of oil painting can be traced to the works of Flemish painters like Jan van Eyck, who innovated by combining oil with pigments, creating a new medium. Oil on canvas soon became the preferred choice for artists across Europe due to its versatility, durability, and ease of transportation compared to traditional methods. The technique has since been employed by renowned artists like Leonardo da Vinci, Rembrandt, and Vincent van Gogh, contributing to the rich legacy of oil on canvas in the world of art.